Getting to know the history of a nation is a must if you are interested in understanding its people. The history of Romania is the history of the events that took place from ancient times, i.e. the third century B.C. to the present day, when the modern-day nation-state of Romania that you see on the map evolved after going through many turmoils, such as wars, revolutions, colonialism, etc. To understand the history of Romania, it is also necessary to understand the history of Europe as a whole, since any study of the history of Europe necessarily includes a study of the history of Romania.
At the end of the third century B.C., the region now covered by Romania was populated by people of Dacia, who were of Thracian origin. During the rule of Burebista (82 – 44 B.C.), the first state was founded in this region. The new state, however, had to face a formidable foe in the dominant power of that time, the Roman Empire. After a series of conflicts, the state was finally annexed by the Romans during the reign of Emperor Trajan.
When the power of the Roman Empire faded, Romania, like other countries of Central and Southern Europe, was vandalized by various nomadic tribes. Between the 10th and 12th centuries, it was ruled by the Hungarians. Then the Ottoman Turks in their westward push occupied Romania and retained it till 1541. In the year 1600, the three separate states of Moldavia, Walachia, and Dobrogea were briefly united under the leadership of Michael the Brave. The next foreign rulers to conquer Romania were the Austrians, who held on till 1775, and in 1812 the Russians occupied it.
1848 was a year of revolutions in the history of Europe, and there was a great revolution for independence in Romania as well. In 1859, the modern nation-state of Romania came into existence when the states of Moldavia and Walachia merged under the name of Romania. The next year, the modern state of Romania came into existence when Transylvania was declared as the federal state of the Romanian territory.
The Russian and the Austro-Hungarian empires were the most formidable political forces in Europe at that time. Theyolitan nationalism was the main source of revolutionary movements in Europe, and in Romania as well. The joining of the three powers meant the end of the traditional Russian and Romanian empires.
The events which led to the warlike and nomadic tribes of mankind and the formation of statehood are well known. World history was witness to the terrible carried out by the Germanic and Saxon tribesmen, who were called Vikings. These people came from Denmark, Norway, and Flanders provinces.
They started to conquer the Middle East, at the expense of the Turkish Empire. They were savage and warlike, and many tribes were amalgamated by them.
The Ural and Siberia consist of the habitat of wolves, necessary for their food supply. Besides, this environment helped them to be able to survive. For centuries, the Ural region was adopted by the Cheremis tribes. The Cheremis lived in the north near the lower reaches of the Ural river.
The Mongol conquests were not so sweeping that they wiped out the Cheremis. However, the Black Sea was thickly populated with Cheremis. The beginning of the Black Sea invasion was a three-pronged attack by the Mongols on the eastern frontiers of Russia.
In the third century, the tribes on the shores of the Black Sea were conquered by the steppe aliens. These were originally people of Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey. In this period, the steppe alien’s raids were frequent. However, their activity turned in many different directions. They could not make their traditional dorms permanent. Besides, the expansion of the steppe civilization was not confined to Russia.
At the same time, there was a general modernization of the population of all Europeans. Their skin color became white, their bodies thickened due to the lack of hair. Their lifestyle challenged the existence of traditional European families. They were different from the traditional European families in many ways. Besides, these invaders changed the ethnic features of the Europeans.
The Augustgrad (genealogy) and the Trifon (ethnicity) families are the most typical features of European society in their entirety. Augustgrad clans rats of the Thracian, Licani, Pisani, and Romani peoples were dominant throughout history. They were divided into two groups – the Educanables and the Aragonites.
The educational achievement of the theEducanableswas legendary. They were scholars and were known all over the world. Besides, their way of life resembled that of the ancient Greeks and Romans. But, they were few in number.